-ing can be more certain than that a general lowering of the
standard of efficiency of the public schools would result.
As to clause two:
(1) The effects of this clause would be to
absolutely divest the Legislature and Government of control
of the school so far as religious exercises and teaching are
concerned Where a majority of the pupils are Roman Catholic
doctrinal religious teaching without and restriction or con-
trol might go out any hour, or any any hours. The schools
might be in effect so far as religious teaching is concerned
church schools. It might be said that if religious teaching
were carried on to the detriment of secular education the
Department might withold the grant. Even if this were done
the school trustees would be compelled to carry on the school
and the penalty would be suffered by the ratepayers. Apart
from that, however, the remedy is apparent rather than real.
In actual administration we kow from experience that it is
most difficult to decide on the witholding of a grant on
account of inefficiency. Repeated and troublesome inquiries
have to be made, conflicting opinions have to be weighed, and
in the end it is doubtful what course should be followed.
Moreover the witholding of a grant from a Separate Catholic
School, established in pursuance of a treaty of settlement,
would almost inevitably be charged to be a violation of the
spirit of the treaty.
Another feature of this clause is the effects
on non-catholic children. What would become of them while
the religious education of the majority was proceeding?
Under our present conscience clause, there in no possibility
of trouble to any class. In the memorandum there is no safe-