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IMMIGRATION AND SETTLEMENT


DATES AND FACTS


1870
12,000 settlers live in Red River settlement.
Population of Winnipeg is 100.

1871
Manitoba and Saulteaux and Swampy Cree bands sign Treaty Number 1.

1872
Dominion Land Act ensures each homesteader 160 acres of land.

1878
First exportation of Manitoba grain.

1881
Population of Manitoba is 66,000.

1890
16 million bushels of wheat is exported.

1891
Population of Manitoba is 150,000.

1901
Population of Manitoba is 255,000.

1911
Population of Manitoba is 450,000.
Population of Winnipeg is 142,000.

OTHER RESOURCES


Homesteader; a prairie boyhood recalled by James M. Minifie.
Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1972.

Peasants in the promised land: Canada and the Ukrainians, 1891-1914 by Jaroslav Petryshyn with L. Dzubak
Toronto : J. Lorimer, 1985.

The Prairie West: historical readings edited by R. Douglas Francis and Howard Palmer.
Edmonton: Pica Pica Press, c1985.

Winnipeg: a social history of urban growth, 1874-1914by Alan F. J. Artibise.
Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1975.

Bounty and benevolence: a history of Saskatchewan treaties by Arthur J. Ray, Jim Miller and Frank J. Tough.
Montreal : McGill-Queen's University Press, 2000.

MAPS


Map of the Province of Manitoba and Part of the District of Kewatin and North West Territory Showing the Townships & Settlements. 1876

Map of Manitoba. 1897

Province of Manitoba, Settlement in 1870

Province of Manitoba, Settlement in 1891

Province of Manitoba, Settlement in 1901

Province of Manitoba, Settlement in 1911

Province of Manitoba, Settlement in 1921


FOR EDUCATORS


Digital Resources on Manitoba History