Title: "The School Settlement Apparently Less Satisfactory than Ever" in The Mail, 25 November 1896
Source: Archives of Manitoba, P5316, Manitoba Schools Question 1896 – 1906, Newspaper clippings p.47
Page 1 of 1


The School Settlement
Apparently Less Satisfactory
Than Ever.
There is Discontent Among the
Views of the Montreal Press.
Both Catholics and Protestants Protest
in Winnipeg
Amherst, N. S., Nov. 24. - The terms
of settlement of the Manitoba school
question were read with interest in this
County of Cumberland.
Mr. A. R. Dickey, late Minister of
Justice, when asked his opinion on the
settlement said:- "At present I am
only able to give first impressions of
the proposed settlement. Any such
settlement would necessarily be found-
ed on expediency, and could scarcely
be expected to conform to principe.
The proposition in question seems to
be particularly open to this observa-
"The constitutional right of the mi-
ority as to Separate schools seems at
first sight to be ignored, and under
section ten- that relating to teaching
languages- it is proposed to create a
new set of constitutional rights. The
provisions intended to remove the diffi-
cutlies as to the schools have been
carefully thought out, and appear to
be of two classes. 1.- Religious in-
truction in certain cases after school
hours; and, 2- Sectarian teachers, Ro-
man Catholic or non-Roman Catholic,
as the case may be, under speciefied cir-
cumstances. In the practical working
of the latter class of provisions I think
it will be found necessary to separate
Roman Catholic and non-Roman Cath-
olic children for secular work, and sec-
tion eight will remain rather for show
than for use.
"In a country school where there
are more than twenty-five of each
class of pupils, or in cities where there
are more than fifty of each class in
average attendance, then guardians or
parents of each class of pupils will
have a legal right to a teacher of their
own religious faith. If this were in-
sisted on there would be separation be-
tween the pupils for such secular
work; at least it so strikes me at pre-
sent. Applying this provision to the
existing conditions in Winnipeg, for
example, the Catholic schools now in
operation there will remain separate.
"In this respect, in spite of the form-
al assertion of section eight of the pro-
posed settlement, there is a radical de-
parture, in principle, from the ultima-
tum given by the Manitoba Govern-
ment to the commissioners sent out by
the late Government of Canada.
"Section ten, as to recognizing in
the school work the mother tongue of
all present and future inhabitants of
Manitoba, is evidently of political ori-
gin, and partly superflous, in my opinion.
"It seems ungracious, however to
criticise a proposition which is intend-
ed to set at rest so dangerous a ques-
tiona as the Manitoba school question.
It is not a matter for the closet, and
is, above all, not one of party politics.
Its usefullness will depend upon the re-
ception it meets with at the hands of
those chiefly interested. I earnestly hope
that it may justify the expectations
of its framers, and remove another
religious issue from the arena of Can-
adian politics."
Montreal, Nov. 24.- (Special)- That
the school question is far from settled
by the agreement between the Domin-
ion and Manitoba Governments is
shown by the protests that are being
made on all hands by the most influ-
ential Catholics thoughout the Pro-
vince of Quebec. According to the
statement of a leading Liberal to-day
there was a deliberate intention on the
part of Mr. Laurier, Mr. Tarte, and
Mr. Greenway to ignore Archbishop
Langevin, the representative of the
minority in the matter. The arch-
bishop's denunciation of the so-called
settlement finds an echo in this pro-
vince. The Liberals claim that the
approval of the Pope has been secured
for the agreement, and that news
will be received from Rome at an
early date that will silence all hostile
criticism. Archbishop Langevin's ut-
terances however, do not bear this
The Minerve publishes the following
queries in large type at the head of its
editorial columns:-
"Dalton McCarthy is satisfied with
the Laurier capitulation. Is the Pro-
vince of Quebec equally satisfied?"
"Clarke Wallace is charmed with
Messrs. Laurier and Tarte- are our
"Sifton, Greenway, Martin are
triumphant. Does French and Catho-
lic Canada feel equally happy?"
The Minerve says:-"Mr. Laurier
has just satisfied the Province of On-
tario, we will now see what he will
do to satisfy the Province of Que-
The Monde says:-"The Catholics
will not resort to mob law, nor waste
their energies in useless recrimma-
tions, but the light of facts has now
penetrated their souls and consciences.
They know that they have been mis-
led, their confidence betrayed, and
without trouble, without disorder, they
will, when the proper time comes, in-
flict upon the traitors and the perifd-
ious the chastisement which they de-
The Courrier du Canada says:-
"When the Catholic archbishops are
indignant and the enemies of French
and Catholic are rejoicing there is no
need to ask which cause triumphs and
which cause is crushed. The cause
which triumphs is the cause of the
Godless schools, the cause of the
schools where the Protestant majority
and Protestant direction will be able
to gradually introduce their teachings
and prejudices into the souls of the
younger generation. The cause which
is crushed is that of the confessional
school, the Separate, the Catho-
lic school, the school where all is
impregnated with the religious idea;
it is the cause of the constitutional
franchises guaranteed the Catholic
minority. This is what is crushed and
what triumphs. In the presence of
this defeat and this victory, when the
Canadian prelates utter a cry of pain,
to which the groans of joy of the fan-
atics are heard in reply, we say that
the French-Canadians and Catholics
who have the ignominy and cowardice
to declare themselves satisfied are
coward and traitors."
A large and enthusiastic meeting of
the Club Conservateur, one of the most
influential of the French Conservative
clubs, was held at the Liberal-Conser-
vative headquarters to-night. Ad-
resses were delivered by Messrs. J.
H. Bergeron, M. P. for Beauharnois;
and C. A. Cornellier, Q.C., who is the
counsel againt Mr. Tarte in the Libre
Parole case. Mr. Bergeron made a
very strong speech, in the course of
which he denounces the so-called set-
tlment of the school question. The
people of Quebec, Mr. Bergeron said,
had given Mr. Laurier an immense
majority at the last elections because
they believed that he would be in a
better position to obtain justice for
the Manitoba minority than Sir Chas.
Tupper. He had made the most sol-
emn promises to Quebec that the min-
ority would receive complete and en-
tire justice. Those promises had been
wantonly broken. The electors of Que-
bec had been betrayed, but they would
not forget it, and a day of retribu-
tion would come. Mr. Bergeron's re-
marks were received with loud and
continued applause. Mr. Cornellier
alson denounces Mr. Tarte for the part
he had taken in the betrayal of his
compatriots, and said that the people
of Quebec had been tricked.
Winnipeg, Nov. 34.-(Special)- The
school question situation is hourly
assuming a most serious aspect
througout Manitoba. On the one
hand the Protestants are protesting
against what they consider too many
concessions to the Catholics and on
the other Catholics are clamouring
for their rights. Between both Mr.
Laurier has placed himself in an un-
enviable position. He has pleased or
satisfied nobody, and has made hosts
of enemies. Catholics are holding in-
dignation meetings all through the
province. To-night St. Boniface has
turned out en masse to condemn the
Liberal Government. Your correspon-
ent has been informed that Mr. Pren-
dergast will publicly refuse to accept
the settlement, and will recall his
words to a Toronto papers as published
in a recent interview.
Since Archbishop Langevin took con-
trol of his schools ten new ones have
been opened, four in St. Norbert, two
in St. Jean Baptiste, one in La Bro-
querie, one in St. Adolphe, one in Le-
tellier, and one in St. Joseph. These
schools are entirely supported by
Catholics alone. Many others will
opened shortly.

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