The Canadian prairies: a history by Gerald Friesen.T
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.

Forging the Prairie West by John Herd Thompson.
Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Manitoba: a history by W. L. Morton.
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1957

Lessons > WW1: Senior 3

WWI - The War At Home: Senior 3

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  • Students will identify the major causes and events of the First World War.
  • Students will explore the social, political and economic changes that occurred during this period of history.
  • Students will identify the diverse cultural contributions to Canada’s war efforts.
  • Students will identify Manitoba’s contributions to Canada’s war efforts.

Curriculum Outcomes: Canada-A Social And Political History

  • Canada’s involvement in International Affairs
  • Canada’s role in the First World War
  • Economic and Political ties
  • Response to Industrialization
  • Impact of Technological development on life in Canada
  • Canada’s participation with international organizations

Materials: (Activating student interest and Acquiring information)

Vocabulary : to promote use of language in oral discussion, reading and written work

war empire obligation assassination
global democracy conflict engaged
civilization trench warfare assimilated
prisoner independence amended reform
partisan advocate unity conscription
protest patriotism aliens oppressed
interned citizenship liberties censored
labour regulations military embittered
declaration recruits deported indignities

Suggestions for Instruction: (Applying)

Using in depth background information, have the students identify contributions made by Manitobans in relation to:

  • First Nations, Inuit and Metis, other diverse individuals
  • Receipt of the Victoria Cross
  • Manitoba women
  • Manitobans who lived within their school community, etc.

Other areas of study and activities may include:

  • Famous battles – Ypres, Festubert, Givenchy, Vimy Ridge, The Somme, etc.
  • War experiences behind the lines, soldiers’ journals, daily life
  • First World War aftermath
  • Memorials
  • Opposition to bilingualism
  • Oppression of foreign immigration to Canada
  • War Measures Act
  • Propaganda
  • Conscription
  • Trench warfare
  • Winnipeg labour movement
  • Canadian economy and industry – impact in Manitoba
  • Agricultural issues, etc.
  • Canada and international relations

Suggestions for Assessment

Students will demonstrate their understanding through:

  • completion of rubric criteria
  • oral discussions
  • written assignments
  • projects
  • presentations
  • debates
  • transfer of learning into other areas

Extension Activities

  • field trip to one or more of the following : Minto Armories, Manitoba Museum, Western Canadian Aviation Museum, etc.
  • contact with Veteran’s Affairs – Memory Project
  • visit to a military base
  • participate with United Nations – youth initiatives
  • attend youth forums on war and international issues, etc.
Digital Resources on Manitoba History