The Canadian prairies: a history by Gerald Friesen.T
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.

Forging the Prairie West by John Herd Thompson.
Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Manitoba: a history by W. L. Morton.
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1957

Lessons > Manitoba Schools Question: Grade 6

Manitoba Schools Question: Grade 6

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  • Students will explore the French/English language issues surrounding educational opportunities in Manitoba 1890-1897.
  • Students will examine the controversy between private and public schools.

Curriculum Outcomes: Cluster 3: Shaping Contemporary Canada

6-KI-013 Identify historical reasons for bilingual and multicultural policies in Canada.

6-KI-015 Give examples of changes to francophone populations in Canada since Confederation.

6-KI-015F Identify events surrounding the creation of the Division scolaire franco-manitobaine (DSFM).

6-VI-007 Value the cultural and linguistic diversity of the Canadian community.

Materials: (Activating student interest and Acquiring information)

Vocabulary : to promote use of language in oral discussion, reading and written work

question solution
conflict denominational
federal provision
provincial laws
struggle public
resolution ensure
launched community
parliament respective
francophones language
Protestant Catholic

Suggestions for Instruction: (Applying)

Have students chart the educational concerns and challenges of both French and English populations in Manitoba during this time period.

Once further information is collected, have the students brainstorm ideas and questions in regards to how public and private schools operate. Have students compare past issues to present day concerns in reference to English, French, Dual-Track and French Immersion programming in Manitoba.

Various activities may include:

  • Roles certain individuals played in the school systems
  • Similarities and differences that still have an impact on our school system today
  • How and why the Canadian government got involved
  • Looking at alternative solutions to this problem
  • Impact on French and English relations within the province
  • The factors that influenced the problem becoming both a political and social issue
  • Student experiences within the separate systems; living in the same community, etc.
  • How new immigrants to the province dealt with the language issues

Suggestions for Assessment

Students will demonstrate their understanding through:

  • class discussions
  • written assignments
  • projects
  • presentations
  • historical debate
  • re-enactment, etc.
  • inquiry

Extension Activities

  • class visitation to another classroom that has different focus ( for example – an elementary classroom taught in English visits a French immersion class)
  • review of how bilingualism is used in Manitoba and across Canada
  • students may attend a French festival – Folklarama, Festival du Voyaguer,etc.
Digital Resources on Manitoba History