The Canadian prairies: a history by Gerald Friesen.T
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.

Forging the Prairie West by John Herd Thompson.
Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Manitoba: a history by W. L. Morton.
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1957

Lessons > Immigration And Settlement: Senior 3

Immigration And Settlement: Senior 3

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  • Students will examine the impact of immigration and the hardship faced by new settlers to Manitoba
  • Students will explore how Manitoba became the most ethnically diverse province in the nation.
  • Students will examine present and past immigration policies and the impact of such regulations on equal treatment of immigrants.
  • Students will explore the changes in technology transportation and industrialization as settlement grew in Manitoba.

Curriculum Outcomes: Canada-A Social And Political History

  • Multicultural Migration – special emphasis on 1896 to 1914.
  • Acceptance and treatment of Immigrants to Canada under National Policy.
  • Consequences for Canada of the present immigration policies.
  • Social and economic characteristics : role of family members, occupation, educational opportunities, transportation and communication methods.
  • Patterns of immigration settlement – urban verses rural.

Materials: (Activating student interest and Acquiring information)

Vocabulary : to promote the use of language in oral discussions, reading, and written work

settlement prairie colony immigrants
resources agricultural grains railway
forks industry population density
boundaries plains existence economy
homesteader isolation national policy
tariff taxes emigration industrialization
treaties; discrimination; farms tragedy
cultural assertion foreign monopoly

Suggestions for Instruction: (Applying)

Students should have the opportunity to work with many resources and interpretations of this period in Canadian history. As students study Manitoba, they may complete one or more of the following – class assignment, project, presentation, research, etc.

  • Characteristics of various periods of immigration
  • Daily life and settlement for a new immigrant
  • National policy on Immigration – changes made, comparing past to present
  • Treatment of Immigrants
  • Treatment of Aboriginals in Manitoba – established treaties and acceptance of immigrants
  • The effect changes in farm, transportation and household technology has had on the economic way of life in rural and urban Manitoba
  • Emerging class distinctions
  • Citizenship in Canada – rights, responsibilities, identity

Suggestions for Assessment

Create specific rubrics that will assess student application of skills and transfer of learning. Student conferencing is also encouraged to give students opportunity to demonstrate developing awareness of Canadian issues.

  • written assignments
  • projects
  • presentations
  • self-reflection and opinion

Extension Activities

  • Field trips possibilities : Lower Fort Garry, The Forks, Winnipeg Wheat Board, Railway station, Citizenship and Immigration, Agricultural Museum, etc.
  • Historical debate, re-enactment, letters to members of parliament, etc.
Digital Resources on Manitoba History