The Canadian prairies: a history by Gerald Friesen.T
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.

Forging the Prairie West by John Herd Thompson.
Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Manitoba: a history by W. L. Morton.
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1957

Lessons > Immigration And Settlement: grade 6

Immigration And Settlement: grade 6

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  • Students will examine the impact of immigration and the hardship faced by new settlers to Manitoba.
  • Students will explore the evolving relationships that developed as a result of cultural diversity, and government influence.
  • Students will explore the technology, occupations, and change in transportation as settlement grew in Manitoba.

Curriculum Outcomes: Cluster 1: Building a Nation (1867 to 1914)

6-KI-007 Give reasons for the establishment of treaties and reserves and describe their impact on individuals, families, and communities.

6-KI-008 Identify various groups that immigrated to Canada in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and give reasons for their emigration.

6-KI-009 Describe ways in which immigration was encouraged by and important to the Canadian government from 1867 to 1914.

6-KI-011 Describe daily life on a prairie homestead between 1800 and 1914.

6-KH-031 Identify events and issues related to the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway

6-KH-034 Explain the importance of agriculture in the development of Canada from 1867 to 1914.

Materials: (Activating student interest and Acquiring information)

Vocabulary : to promote use of language in oral discussion, reading and written work

settlement prairie colony immigrants
resources agricultural grains railway
forks industry population density
boundaries plains existence economy
homesteader isolation national policy
tariff taxes emigration industrialization
treaties discrimination farms tragedy
cultural assertion foreign monopoly

Suggestions for Instruction: (Applying)

Have students work with the information presented as they learn about the history of settlement and immigration. Students should be introduced to many different interpretations of this period in Canadian history.

As students study Manitoba, they may complete one or more of the following:

  • A poster advertising the benefits of living on the prairies – link with immigration pamphlets
  • A project, or presentation on a specific topic – for example: taking on the role of an early Manitoba settler and writing a diary on everyday life and different events that were bringing new change to the community
  • The role of agriculture in Manitoba
  • Reasons for the establishment of treaties, aboriginal perspectives, etc.
  • The first and second wave of immigration to Manitoba
  • Transportation in Manitoba
  • New farming practices, comparing the past to the present
  • Immigrant labour, population density,etc.
  • Create a Manitoba timeline
  • Compare pioneer life in Manitoba to their present day lifestyle

Suggestions for Assessment

Create a chart listing the criteria for assessment to allow students to self assess their products. Conference with the students and provide descriptive feedback

Extension Activities

  • Field trip possibilities: Lower Fort Garry, The Forks, Winnipeg Wheat Board, Grain Exchange, Railway station, Citizenship and Immigration, Agriculture Museum, etc.
  • Historical re-enactment, settlers' festival, heritage fair
Digital Resources on Manitoba History