Birth of Manitoba: Senior 3
Birth of Manitoba: Senior 3
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- Students will explore the geographical impact of early settlement and the contributions of diverse cultural communities to Manitoba.
- Students will examine the individuals and important events that gave birth to Manitoba as a province.
- Students will examine Manitoba’s concerns and resistance, government reaction and entry into Confederation.
- Students will review the evolving relationships between the Metis, the Francophones, the Anglophones, and the Canadian government.
Curriculum Outcomes: Canada-A Social And Political History
- Canada has developed from a system of regional communities with differing interests and perspectives.
- Individuals have a role to play in government and have both rights and responsibilities.
- The history of the local area and region follows unique patterns, yet it is related to national and international history.
- Canada’s place in the world has changed with its evolution from colony to nation.
- Manitoba and the rest of the West changed in the first generation after Confederation.
Materials: (Activating for student interest and Acquiring information)
- From previous lessons and assignments, students should have information explaining the significant events, and interactions between the French, the English and the Aboriginal peoples within the Red River Settlement.
- Timeline of important dates and events that examine the lifestyle of the settlement.
- Biographical information on the prominent individuals such as Louis Riel, Tache, Thomas Scott, etc.
- Student maps of Canada and Manitoba
New Nation. Newspaper published from Jan. 7, 1870 – Sept.3 1870
Nor’Wester. Newspaper published from Dec.28 1859 – Nov.23, 1869
Nor’Wester 1874. Newspaper published from June 29, 1874 – Dec.21, 1875
Red River Pioneer. Newspaper published Dec. 1, 1869, one issue only
Photos and maps
Canada flag over Schultz’s store
John Christian Schultz
Louis Riel and Council 1869-70
Andrew W. Graham
Declaration of the people of Rupert's Land and the North West
Governor Mactavish to the inhabitants of Red River Settlement
List of rights 1869
Letter dated January 9, 1870 from George Duncan MacVicar to Alex Polson
Letter of 5 February 1870 from George Duncan MacVicar to Josie
Public notice to the inhabitants of Rupertsland
Resolutions passed at a public meeting of the parish of St. Clements 22 February 1870
Telegram of 16 April 1870 to Lt-Col Barnett
Vocabulary : to promote use of language in oral discussion, reading, and written work
Suggestions for Instruction: (Applying)
Have students review and compare the geographical changes that resulted from the settlement of diverse cultural communities. Discuss the impact on the cultural communities as Louis Riel proclaimed a provisional government. Have students further explore the following:
- The challenge and promotion of central authority.
- The rights of minority groups, French-English relations, Aboriginal rights past and present.
- The purchase of Rupert’s Land, the implications for Canada at the time of purchase, and the significance of this event today.
- Manitoba’s impact on the rest of Canada.
- Actions that could have possibly been taken to avoid the resistance – how, by who and when.
Suggestions for Assessment
Students will demonstrate their understanding through various activities such as
- mapping skills
- oral discussion and written assignments
- historical debate
- re-enactment of specific characters
- student presentations on specific topic or issue, etc.
- field trip to one or more of the following museums (St. Boniface Museum, Manitoba Museum, Seven Oaks Museum).
- visit to Louis Riel’s House
- inviting government representative to the classroom to discuss rights in Canada
- participation with activism – from classroom to society
- gathering further information on Manitoba through other resources, etc