The Canadian prairies: a history by Gerald Friesen.T
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.

Forging the Prairie West by John Herd Thompson.
Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Manitoba: a history by W. L. Morton.
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1957

Lessons > Birth of Manitoba: grade 6

Birth of Manitoba: grade 6

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  • Students will explore the important events leading up to the birth of the province of Manitoba
  • Students will examine the geographical impact of the early Red River Settlement and the contributions of diverse cultural communities.

Curriculum Outcomes: Cluster 4: History of Manitoba

4-KI-010 Give examples of the contributions of diverse ethnic and cultural communities to the history of Manitoba.

4-KI-011 Give examples of Aboriginal contributions to the history of Manitoba.

4-KI-012 Give examples of francophone contributions to the history of Manitoba.

4-KL-026 Describe the influence of the natural environment on settlement in Manitoba.

4-KL-027 Relate stories of interactions between the Selkirk settlers and Aboriginal peoples.

4-KH-033 Relate stories of people and events that shaped Manitoba.

Materials: (Activating student interest and Acquiring information)

Vocabulary : to promote the use of language in oral discussion, reading, and written work

territory terms resistance
red river commenced
negotiate Rupert’s Land Louis Riel
Fort Garry Hudson’s Bay opposed
Metis assiniboine government
Manitoba Act French English
languages equal rights legislation
Aboriginal amnesty fur trade
traders voyageurs bison
expedition ancestry transfer
foreign treason allotted

Suggestions for Instruction: (Applying)

Have students discuss the contributions made by the diverse cultural groups within the Red River Settlement. Have the students examine the geographical changes in terms of settlement, using the historical maps provided with this theme. Students may also see the differences made in comparison to Manitoba’s environment today.

Discuss the reasons behind the conflict the people of Manitoba were experiencing. After relating the events that resulted from the conflict, have students question or inquire into other possible ways these issues could have been resolved.

Further questions the students may explore are:

  1. How do the people of Manitoba settle conflicts or concerns they may have with the government today?
  2. What do we learn from the history and geography of our province?
  3. How are people’s behaviour influenced by certain events?
  4. How is Louis Riel still significant to the peoples of Manitoba today?

Suggestions for Assessment

Students will demonstrate their understanding through various activities such as

mapping skills

  • comparing maps of Manitoba settlement (past and present)
  • writing about the life of the settlement and the events that brought change
  • historical debate
  • re-enactment of specific characters
  • different art forms depicting historic sites, early settlers, etc.

Extension Activities

  • field trip to one or more of the listed museums (St. Boniface Museum, Manitoba Museum, Seven Oaks Museum)
  • students may use planning, questioning and discussion strategy sheets from “Success for all Learners”.
  • visit to Louis Riel House
  • classroom visit from a government representative
  • gathering further information on Manitoba through other resources, etc.
Digital Resources on Manitoba History