Title: Andrew Wilson Graham diary entry dated 7 December 1869
Author: Graham, Andrew Wilson
Source: Archives of Manitoba, MG3 B10, Andrew Wilson Graham, 1 file (Typewritten transcription)
Page 1 of 1

Transcription

Dec. [December] 7 – Affairs look worse. Riel, the
French leader, read to his men in front of our building
a proclamation from Col. [Colonel] Dennis, stating that he is em-
powered to do, should necessity require it. Riel, after
reading the letter to his men, threw it on the ground,
and stamped on it, amid the cheers of his followers.
They are about 300 strong, well armed. Later a girl
came in with a note from Col. [Colonel] Dennis, stating that he
could not help us and to make the best terms we could.
We sent three delegates to the fort to make terms, es-
pecially to let the women get out to a place of safety.
The delegates, Scott and Hallett, were locked up. Mc-
Arthur returned at 2 o’clock, followed by about 300
French, headed by Riel, Lepine and O’Donhue, with
orders to surrender in fifteen minutes, or they would fire on
us from the fort. We held a hasty council of war, when
it was decided best to surrender. Only one, a little
Englishman, wanted to fight, and pointed his revolver at
Riel through one of the windows, but he was persuaded to
desist. The French acted nervous and afraid, for though
we were only 45 we were mostly well armed, and one voll-
ey from the windows would have thinned their ranks. Howev-
er, we all surrendered, were disarmed and marched up to
the Fort, taken upstairs in one of the buildings and put into
different rooms and guarded by halfbreeds [half-breeds]. I, along
with twenty other, have a room 9 by 18, without heat,
ventilation or furniture of any kind. Some who have fri-
ends in town had provisions sent in to them for supper.
We all got a share of it. We lay down like herring in a
box, to sleep. I awoke in the night, sweating and smother-

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