Biographies

Biography of Langevin, L. P. A. (Louis Philippe Adélard), 1855-1915

Born in Saint-Isidore de Laprairie, Lower Canada in 1855, Adélard Langevin studied at Le Collège de Montréal and entered the Oblate novitiate in 1881. He made his vows the following year and was ordained to the priesthood. He served as director at the Oblate’s Grand Séminaire at the University of Ottawa, from 1885 to 1893. That year, at Archbishop Taché’ request, he was put in charge of Oblate institutions and personnel in the St. Boniface archdiocese, and left for western Canada. He was ordained bishop in 1895 and succeeded Archbishop Alexandre-Antonin Taché as head of the ecclesiastical province of St. Boniface which, at the time, extended from Ontario to British Columbia. For the next twenty years, he worked incessantly to preserve Catholic educational rights in the prairies. He also recruited priests to minister to the needs of Catholics of all rites and nationalities, especially Ruthenians. Over 80 parishes were established during Langevin’s term as archbishop. He also oversaw the construction of the new St. Boniface Basilica (1908) and founded a religious order, the Missionnaires Oblates de Marie Immaculée. Langevin also promoted the publication of Catholic newspapers in French, German, Polish, and Ukrainian., including Les Cloches de Saint-Boniface (1902) and La Liberté (1913). It was at his instigation that La Société historique de Saint-Boniface was founded in 1902, and he served as the organization’s first president. Langevin died in 1915 and was buried in the crypt of the St. Boniface Cathedral.

Mentioned in:

correspondence

  1. Lettre du 22 septembre 1914 d'André de Montbel à Louis Philippe Adélard Langevin
  2. Lettre of 9 January 1899 from Louis Philippe Adélard Langevin to Thomas George Shaughnessey
  3. Letter of 16 September 1898 from Archbishop Louis Philippe Adélard Langevin to Father Albert Lacombe, copy in letter-book
  4. Letter of 9 January 1899 from Louis Philippe Adélard Langevin to Thomas George Shaughnessey
  5. Mémoire confidentiel du 26 février 1908 de Louis Philippe Adélard Langevin concernant la question des écoles au Manitoba, extrait
  6. Lettre du 25 septembre 1914 de Louis Philippe Adélard Langevin à André de Montbel
  7. Lettre du 12 octobre 1914 de Louis Philippe Adélard Langevin à Simon Nivon
  8. Lettre du 21 octobre 1914 de Louis Philippe Adélard Langevin à Simon Nivon
  9. Lettre de Maurice Constantin à Monseigneur Adélard Langevin publiée dans le Free Press, 8 septembre 1909

publications

  1. "The Manitoba Danger Signal" in Catholic Register, 26 November 1896
  2. "The School Settlement Apparently Less Satisfactory than Ever" in The Mail, 25 November 1896
  3. "Flocking to Rome" in Winnipeg Telegraph 12 September 1896
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