Biographies

Biography of Taché, Alexandre A. (Alexandre Antonin), 1823-1894

Alexandre-Antonin Taché Born in 1823 in Rivière-du-Loup, Lower Canada, Alexande-Antonin Taché studied in Saint-Hyacinthe and Montreal, then entered the Oblate novitiate at Longueil. In 1845, he and Pierre Aubert were sent to take charge of Catholic missionary work in the new vicariate apostolic of Hudson Bay and James Bay, administered by Bishop Provencher. Taché was ordained by Provencher shortly after his arrival and made his final vows as an Oblate. He studied the Saulteaux language and spent five years among the aboriginal populations of northern Saskatchewan and Alberta. In 1850, Taché was named bishop and Provencher’s coadjutor with rights of succession. He became Bishop of St. Boniface following Provencher’s death in 1853. In 1871, he became Archbishop when Rome raised St. Boniface to an archdiocese. In addition to his missionary work and the establishment of parishes, Taché worked tirelessly to secure Métis and Francophone rights in Manitoba. A member of the Council of Assiniboia, Taché attempted to secure a peaceful settlement of the grievances advanced by the inhabitants of Assiniboia during the events of 1869-70. At his insistence, the list of rights which served as a basis for negotiating Manitoba’s entry into Confederation included a clause regarding the establishment of denominational schools. He also sought a guarantee of amnesty for the leaders of the Resistance From 1870 to 1880, Taché worked to attract Francophone and Catholic immigrants to the West. He supported the creation a colonization society, requested that the federal government appoint immigration officers in Quebec, sent recruiting agents to New England and to France, Belgium and Switzerland to promote the advantages of western Canada, and urged the catholic clergy to do the same. When the Manitoba government abolished separate schools in 1890, Taché led the resistance movement and published several brochures defending Catholic education rights. He died in 1894.

Mentioned in:

correspondence

  1. Lettre du 7 avril 1870 de Alexandre Antonin Taché à Sir George Etienne Cartier
  2. Letter of 17 May 1870 from Alexandre Antonin Taché to Joseph Howe
  3. Lettre du 6 septembre 1870 de Alexandre Antonin Taché à Louis Riel
  4. Lettre du 20 novembre 1871 de Alexandre Antonin Taché à François-Xavier Kavanagh, tirée de son livre de correspondance
  5. Letter of 23 January 1872 from Alexandre Antonin Taché to John A. Macdonald
  6. Lettre du 28 octobre 1874 de Alexandre Antonin Taché au Compte Dufferin
  7. Mandement de Monseigneur l'archvêque de Saint-Boniface par la miséricord de Dieu et la grâce du Saint-Siège Apostolique, Archevêque de Saint-Boniface, Assistant au Trône Pontifical, extrait
  8. Lettre du 20 septembre 1890 de Alexandre Antonin Taché à Joseph Adolphe Chapleau
  9. Letter of 30 December 1891 from Joachim Allard to Alexandre Antonin Taché
  10. Lettre du 23 février 1888 de James-Émile-Pierre Prendergast à Alexandre Antonin Taché
  11. Lettre du 4 juillet 1870 de Joseph Howe à Alexandre Antonin Taché
  12. Letter of 16 February 1870 from John A. Macdonald to Alexandre Antonin Taché
  13. Lettre du 12 mars 1890 de Joseph Raymond à Alexandre Antonin Taché
  14. Telegram of 30 July 1892 from J.S. Ewart to Alexandre Antonin Taché
  15. Lettre du 12 septembre 1865 de Louis-François Laflèche à Alexandre Antonin Taché, extrait, T3571-3572
  16. Lettre du 12 septembre 1865 de Louis-François Laflèche à Alexandre Antonin Taché, extrait, T3574-3577
  17. Lettre of 9 January 1899 from Louis Philippe Adélard Langevin to Thomas George Shaughnessey
  18. Letter of 9 January 1899 from Louis Philippe Adélard Langevin to Thomas George Shaughnessey
  19. Lettre du 18 mai 1870 de Noël-Joseph Ritchot à Georges-Étienne Cartier, ébauche

records

  1. Déclaration de 1908 d'André Nault, Elzéar Lagimodière et Duncan McDougall concernant les événements de 1869-70, extrait, fo. 369
  2. Letter of 30 March 1896 from Clifford Sifton and J. D. Cameron to Arthur R. Dickey, Alphonse Desjardines, and Donald A. Smith
  3. Marie-Anna A. Roy, ébauche d'un chapitre du livre "La Montagne Pembina au temps des colons" portant sur les arpentages des années 1870 et 1880, extrait, p.8-9
  4. Bureau d’Éducation de la Province de Manitoba.Section catholique. Diplôme de deuxième classe, cours français, accordé à Mlle Victoire Moreau 31 juillet 1885
  5. Minutes du 11 juin 1884, La Société de colonisation du Manitoba, extrait, T44296-T44297

publications

  1. Écoles séparées partie des négociations à Ottawa en 1870, extrait de la brochure
  2. Les écoles dites écoles publiques de Manitoba sont des écoles protestantes, 1893, page couverture, extrait

diaries

  1. Jean-Baptiste Ladéroute, "Mémoires des troubles du Manitoba 1869-70", extrait, p. 61-63
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